Telaah Fatwa tentang Nikah Siri

  • Faishal Agil Al Munawar Universitas Islam Negeri Maulana Malik Ibrahim Malang
Keywords: fatwa, siri marriage, ‘urfi marriage, comparison

Abstract

This research discusses about Fatwa regarding Siri Marriage or known as Unregistered Marriage. In the other countries, this phenomenon called ‘Urfi Marriage. This research comprised in normative category because analyzing documents and literatures related to Fatwa regarding Siri Marriage. Qualitative Description is used as an approach to compare between Indonesian Ulema Council or Majelis Ulama Indonesia (“MUI”) with other five Fatwa councils from different countries: (1) Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (“KSA”), (2) Egypt, (3) Jordan, (4) Kuwait, and (5) Libya. The results show that in substance and procedure, Siri or ’Urfi Marriage activities in five nations are indifferent. The distinction only occurs on the naming aspect. Indonesia and KSA have the same terminology which is Siri Marriage, whereas three other countries employ ‘Urfi Marriage expression. From legal perspective, those five nations have similar concept that, if the marriage complies with the Islamic basis and requisite, then it fulfills legitimate sharia condition for marriage in Islam. But, to accomplish rights in civil law, it needs to register the marriage officially in the country’s appointed institution.   

References

Al-Ifta, al-L. al-D. L. al-B. al-‘Ilmiyyah wa. (n.d.). Fatawa Al-Lajnah Al-Daimah (Al-Majmu’ah Al-Ula). Mauqi’ Al-Riasah Al-‘Amah Li Al-Buhuts Al-‘Ilmiyyah Wa Al-Ifta.
Al-Mishriyyah, D. al-I. (n.d.). Fatawa Dar al-Ifta al-Mishriyyah.
Al-Qardhawi, Y. (1988). al-Fatwa Baina al-Indhibath wa al-Tasyyub. Dar al-Shahwah.
Al-Rabisy, A. A. bin M. (2004). al-Nikah al-Sirri Fi al-Fiqh al-Islami. Majalah Al-Malik Su’ud Volume 17.
Al-Zarkasyi, B. (1994). al-Bahr al-Muhith.
Faris, I. (1979). Mu’jam Maqayis al-Lughah.
Huberman, M. B. M. dan A. M. (1992). An Expanded Sourcebook, Qualitative Analysis Second Edition. Sage Publications.
Ibrahim Musthafa, Ahmad Al-Ziyat, Hamid Abd Al-Qadir, M. A.-N. (n.d.). al-Mu’jam al-Wasith. Dar al-Da’wah.
Indonesia, M. U. (2011). Himpunan Fatwa MUI Sejak 1975. Penerbit Erlangga.
Isma’il, S. M. (2007). al-Ijtihad al-Jama’i wa Ahammiyatuh fi Muwajah Musykilat al-‘Ashr. Jami’ah ummul Qura’.
Khanin, A. bin M. bin S. Al. (2008). al-Fatwa Fi al-Syari’ah al-Islamiyyah. Obekan.
Kuwait, W. al-A. wa al-S. al-I. (1995). al-Mausu’ah al-Fiqhiyyah al-Kuwaitiyyah. Mathabi’ Dar al-Shafwah.
Mahmud, J. bin M. bin. (2004). al-Zawaj al-`Urfi fi Mizan al-Islam.pdf. Dar al-Kutub al-‘Ilmiyyah.
Zaidan, A. K. (1976). Ushul al-Da’wah.
Published
2020-04-15
How to Cite
Faishal Agil Al Munawar. (2020). Telaah Fatwa tentang Nikah Siri. Istidlal: Jurnal Ekonomi Dan Hukum Islam, 4(1), 55-63. https://doi.org/10.35316/istidlal.v4i1.210
Section
Articles
Abstract viewed = 319 times
PDF downloaded = 74 times