Ijtihad Jama’i (Ijtihad Kolektif) Perspektif Ulama Kontemporer

  • Faishal Agil Al Munawar Universitas Islam Negeri Maulana Malik Ibrahim Malang
  • Mirwan Universitas Ibrahimy
Keywords: collective ijtihad, contemporary islamic scholars, urgency, position

Abstract

The research discusses Ijtihad Jama’i or more familiar known as Collective Ijtihad. It uses Library Research with a descriptive comparative study approach which explains the definition of Collective Ijtihad, the importance and its position under Islamic Law according to contemporary Islamic scholars. The results have shown that Collective Ijtihad is an agreed Islamic law (fiqh) mechanism upon respectable Islamic scholars (mujtahid) to generate law verdict from recent thematic issues. The earliest step analyzes previous law verdicts from similar cases based on prior Islamic scholars’ notions. The latter work comes into the judgment selection process to produce a decree with most robust yet relevant from available references. Currently, Collective Ijtihad has high gravity in the making of pure tasyri’ (Islamic Law), stationed under original Ijma’ but superior to Qiyas and all Individual Ijtihad yet should be applied as Islamic Law determination method (istinbath) due to relaxed prerequisites and straightforward implementation compare to Individual Ijtihad, which is very influential in deciding contemporary Islamic Legislation

References

-----------------------------. (2011). “al-Ijtihad fi ‘Ashrina Haza min Haitsu al-Nadzariyyah wa al-Tathbiq”. Majalah Dirasat al-‘Alam al-Islami.
al-Ashfahani, al-Raghib. (t.t.). al-Mufradat fi Gharib al-Qur’an. Lebanon: Dar al-Ma’rifah.
al-Asnawi. (1999). Nihayah al-Sul Syarh Minhaj al-Wushul. Beirut: Dar al-Kutub al-‘Ilmiyyah.
al-Fayyumi. (1977). al-Mishbah al-Munir fi Gharib al-Syarh al-Kabir. Kairo: Dar al-Ma’arif.
al-Ghazali, Abu Hamid. (1993). al-Mustashfa. Beirut: Dar al-Kutub al-‘Ilmiyyah.
al-Huli, Mahir. H. (2009). “Tandzim al-Ijtihad al-Jama’i fi al-‘Alam al-Islami”. Majalah al-Jami’ah al-Islamiyyah.
al-Hummam, Ibn. (1932). al-Tahrir fi Ushul al-Fiqh. Mesir: Mathba’ah Mushthafa Bab al-Hilabi.
al-Khalid, H. (2009). al-Ijtihad al-Jama’i fi al-Fiqh al-Islami. Dubai: Markaz Jam’ah al-Majid li al-Tsaqafah wa al-Turats.
al-Qahthan, Misfir bin ‘Ali bin Muhammad. (2010). Manhaj Istinbath Ahkam al-Nawazil al-Fiqhiyyah al-Mu’ashirah. Jeddah: Dar al-‘Andalus al-Khadra.
al-Qardhawi, Yusuf. (1996). al-Ijtihad fi al-Syari’ah al-Islamiyyah. Kuwait: Dar al-Qalam.
al-Shan’ani. (1985). Irsyad al-Niqad ila Taisir al-Ijtihad. Kuwait: al-Dar al-Salafiyah.
al-Syarafi, Abdul, M. (1998). al-Ijtihad al-Jama’i fi al-Tasyri’ al-Islami. Qatar: Wizarah al-Awqaf wa al-Syuun al-Islamiyyah.
al-Zuhaili, Wahbah. (1986). Ushul al-Fiqh al-Islami. Damaskus: Dar al-Fikr.
Ghalib, G. G., (2007). al-Majami’ al-Fiqhiyyah wa Atsaruha fi al-Ijtihad al-Mu’ashir wa al-Tathalu’at li Majma’ Fiqhi Mansyud. Palestina: t.p.
Hanna, Siti. (2012). “Urgensi Ijtihad Kolektif dalam Permasalahan Kontemporer”. Media Syariah, Vol. XIV, No. 2.
Humaid, Shalih bin Abdullah bin. (t.t.). “al-Ijtihad al-Jama’i wa Ahammiyatuh fi Nawazil al-‘Ashr”. Mekkah: Konferensi Fatwa.
Mandzur, Ibnu. (t.t.). Lisan al-‘Arab. Beirut: Dar al-Shadir.
Najmuddin, al., (1987). Syarh Mukhtashar al-Raudhah. Beirut: Muassasah al-Risalah.
Sano, Mushtafa. Q. (2006). al-Ijtihad al-Jama’iy al-Mansyud fi Dhaw’i al-Waqi’ al-Mu’ashir. Qatar: Wizarah al-Auqaf wa asy-Syu’un al-Islamiyyah.
Sya’ban, M. I., (2007). al-Ijtihad al-Jama’i wa Ahammiyatuh fi Muwajah Muskilat al-‘Ashr. Mekkah: Jami’ah Umm al-Qura.
Taufiq, al., (1992). Fiqh al-Syura wa al-Istisyarah. Mashurah: Dar al-Wafa.
Published
2020-10-15
How to Cite
Faishal Agil Al Munawar, & Mirwan. (2020). Ijtihad Jama’i (Ijtihad Kolektif) Perspektif Ulama Kontemporer. Istidlal: Jurnal Ekonomi Dan Hukum Islam, 4(2), 127-137. https://doi.org/10.35316/istidlal.v4i2.268
Section
Articles
Abstract viewed = 864 times
PDF downloaded = 500 times

Most read articles by the same author(s)